Migraine is ranked sixth among the world’s most disabling medical illnesses in terms of years lost to disability. It is generally characterized by a throbbing, moderate to severe pain, often worse on one side, which varies strongly in each individual. Migraine attacks can last several hours and are sometimes associated with other symptoms such as nausea, vomiting and sensitivity to light, sound and smell. Consequently, they can cause a strain on everyday life leading people to miss work or school and they get worse with physical activity.
Migraines happen when specific areas of the brain are over excited and constitute an inherited neurological disorder. What exactly causes a migraine to develop and what happens in the brain when a migraine begins are not well understood, but it is known that specific factors referred to as triggers can lead certain people to start a migraine attack more easily. Hormonal and environmental factors such as bright lights and strong smells are examples of triggers. However, triggers vary with each person and not all people suffering from migraine have definite triggers.
Chronic migraine occurs when someone has migraines for 15 days or more a month. People suffering from chronic migraines respond differently and therefore can receive different treatments.
Changes in vision are a common consequence of a migraine attack. For example, even before the headache begins, affected people can have a blurry vision and become more sensitive to bright light, which may last for hours. When changes in vision are more extreme, people are said to suffer from visual aura. These extreme changes evolve with the headache, can vary from temporarily losing part or all of one’s vision to seeing zig-zag lines and do not often last longer than an hour. These symptoms can also be associated with numbness, tingling or weakness. Visual aura affects about a third of people suffering from migraine and does not always occur with all of their attacks. Treatment for migraine with and without aura is similar but may lead to lifestyle differences because visual aura slightly increases the risk of having a stroke.
There is no cure for migraine but both preventive and acute treatments exist. These include blood-pressure medications, anti-seizure medications, antidepressants and Botox injections. Pain relieving medication known as acute treatment are drugs that can be taken during migraine attacks to stop the symptoms. They work to reduce the severity of the migraine once it has already started. For example, triptans are a family of drugs that cause blood vessels to constrict, therefore blocking pain pathways in the brain and relieving pain.
Preventive treatments on the other hand, constitute drugs taken regularly to decrease the frequency and intensity of migraines as well as changes in lifestyle. For example, exercising regularly, a healthy diet and a good sleep schedule can reduce the length and frequency of migraines.Watch Full Movie Online Streaming Online and Download
Alternative medicine can also help with the pain of migraines and includes acupuncture, biofeedback, which helps people take control over some of their own physical responses related to stress, massage therapy and more.